Understanding Prediabetes

Prediabetes  or Borderline diabetes  is a growing global problems that is closely linked to the obesity epidemic.

If you do not know what signs to look for and is undiagnosed or untreated, predaibetes can develop into type 2 diabetes.

What is Prediabetes?

A pre diabetic is define as a person that have a blood glucose levels higher than normal but not as high as a type 2 diabetic. 

For this reason, prediabetes is consider as a “gray area” between normal blood sugar and and high glucose level.

Predaibetes may also be called impaired fasting glucose. If your blood sugar is higher than normal after a period of fasting or an impaired glucose tolerance, example if you have a higher that normal sugar after eating.

Pre Diabetic Symptoms

Most people that are pre diabetes are usually unaware that they have it. The reason is most of the symptoms develops gradually without any warning signs. In most people they only learn that they are borderline diabetic once the symptoms of type 2 diabetes start to appear. Therefore being aware of the risk factors is essential. 

Risk Factors Pre Diabetes

You should be tested for pre diabetes if you are:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Have a close family member (parent or sibling) who has diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Over the age of 40
  • Have given birth to a baby who weighed over 9 pounds

While pre-diabetes may affect anyone, of any age, gender or racial type, some groups are genetically more prone. These include:

  • Afro-Caribbean
  • South Asian
  • Native American

Test for Prediabetes 

The two test that are available for pre diabetes are fasting plasma glucose test or an HbA1c test. Which are use to determine if you’re  type 2 diabetic.

The following results indicate the presence of pre diabetes:

Fasting plasma glucose: 5.5 mmol/L to 6.9 mmol/L

HbA1c: 42 to 47 mmol/mol (6.0 to 6.4%)

Now if you have your results on the upper limits of pre diabetes. Your doctor may be either diagnose you with type 2 diabetes or to do more test in the near future to confirm if you have diabetes. If you have symptoms of diabetes but have HbA1c of below 42 mmol/mol(6.0%), you may be given an oral glucose tolerance test.

If your doctor diagnosed you with pre diabetes, your doctor should give you step by step instructions on his to lower your risk from developing type 2 diabetes.

Can you reverse prediabetes?

The good news is if you're diagnosed with pre diabetes you can reverse or preventing them from progressing into full-blown type 2 diabetes.

The two principle factors for consideration are:

  • Make changes to your eating habits and 
  • Start some sort of physical exercise to your lifestyle

By making these small changes, your blood sugar levels can be returned to normal.

For more information on how to reverse your pre diabetes speak with your doctor to create an individual plan.

Here is a great article about pre-diabetes from the Mayo Clinic. 

Also watch the video below to understanding your risk for pre-diabetes

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