Diabetes Diet Menu

› Diabetes Diet Menu

Diabetes diet menu or diabetic meal planning is a great way to manage your blood sugar so that you can avoid further health issue such as blindness, amputations and kidney disease.

Most people that have type 2 diabetes like myself, we usually control our blood sugar levels with medication, but it’s important to remember that a proper debates menu or diabetic meal planning as equally important.

Nutritional management, is a form of a meal plan designed for diabetics, they will help you to maintain blood glucose levels close normal as possible and also help to maintain or lose weight.

Now you may be overwhelm about a diabetes diet menu or diabetic meal planning, especially if you had problem in the past with other diets. It can be very hard to know where to start on how to put together a meal plan that fits your busy lifestyle, that’s is why you need a dietitian to give you a hand.

Below are a dietary guidelines between people with and without diabetes

General Dietary Guidelines

 General Guidelines for Diabetics

Try to eat a variety of foods.

Try to eat a variety of foods.

Balance the food you eat with physical activity-maintain or improve your weight.                               

Balance the foods you eat with your insulin, oral medication and your physical activity. Maintain or improve your weight.

Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, vegetables, and fruits.

For added fibre include whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables.

 Choose a diet low in fat, saturated               fat and cholesterol.                                                                                           

The amount of calories from fat should be no higher than 30%, of which no higher than 10% should be from saturated fat.

Choose a diet moderate in sugars.                                                           

Avoid foods containing significant amounts of sugar.

Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium.

A moderate sodium restriction is recommended.

If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.                                                                                   

If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation and see a dietician about fitting it into your meal plan.

Diabetic Meal Planning or Diabetes Diet Menu

When planning your diabetes diet menu or diabetic meal you have a choice between,diabetic exchange lists and carbohydrate counting. With the help of your health team you can decide which plan is right for you, or you might use a combination of both plans for greater flexibility.

The diabetic exchange list plan are grouped into three food categories:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Meat and meat substitutes
  • Fat

Within anyone of these food categories you can exchange with another.

With the amount of energy provided by specified serving size of the food and the same amount. You choose from the different categories to design a plan right for you meal snacks.

Now if you decide go with carbohydrate counting plan, then that focuses on the amount of carbohydrates in that food that you want to eat.

When following a carbohydrate counting plan your insulin or oral medication must matched the foods that you are eating. Your diabetic meal plan will tell you how many carbohydrate choices you can eat and when you can eat them.

The carbohydrates can come from many different types of foods containing carbohydrates. It’s also recommended to choose carbohydrates lower GI sources and fresh fruits and vegetables.  


  • Oatmeal or whole grain breakfast cereal (e.g. Cheerios) 
  • Wholemeal bread/toast/roll
  • Fruit 


  • Light Meal
  • Soup
  • Bread/toast/roll/baked potato/chapattis
  • Small portion lean meat, chicken, fish, eggs, cheese or baked beans.
  • Large portion salad or vegetables.
  • Fruit as main meal


  • Main Meal
  • Soup, for example broth, lentil, vegetable
  • Small portion lean meat, chicken or fish
  • Potatoes, bread, pasta, rice or chapattis
  • Large portion vegetables or salad.
  • Fruit - fresh, stewed or tinned without sugar or
  • Unsweetened milk pudding or diet yoghurt


  • Fresh fruit,
  • Diet yoghurt
  • Toast
  • Crackers
  • Two plain biscuits or
  • Wholemeal scone

Here are ten food that won't boost sugar.

For more diabetes information check out the Canadians Diabetes 

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