Carbohydrate Counting With Diabetes

› Carbohydrate Counting With Diabetes

Do you know what is the largest impact on blood sugar is? If you said carbohydrate food then you are right.

Whenever you consume carbohydrates it is then broken down into glucose, so if you eat too much of them, your blood sugar level may rise.

So people with diabetes like myself, find it helpful to keep track of the “carbs” that we eat in order to control our blood sugars.

This is called  carbohydrate counting. Food that contain carbohydrate includes starch, fruit, milk and yogurt.

4 Rules of Carbohydrate Counting

Rule 1

If the food that you are about to eat, read that first. If you do not know how to read The Nutrition Fact Label check on the link to learn more about it. On the package is the most reliable way to understand what you are eating.

  • First take a looking at the Serving Size. The number listed here on the label are based of this amount of the food.
  • The second take a look at The Total Carbohydrate. This is where you will get information about the dietary fiber and sugar. 

Rule 2

If a food has more than 5g of fiber, you can remove the fiber from the total amount of carbohydrates.

The reason why you will subtract it is because dietary fiber does not digest and does not raise blood glucose like sugar does.

Rule 3

When it comes to sugar alcohols it does not absorb into your blood completely. 

So you should subtract half the amount of sugar alcohols from total carbohydrate amount that you consume.

The reason why you do this is because it affects your blood sugar less than the calories in sugar, sugar alcohols is usually used as a sweetener in diet foods.

Rule 4:

If a food that you are about to eat does not comes with a food label, then use measuring tools like: cups, spoons, or food scales helps to determine  the amount of carbohydrate. 

Below are examples of food that have 12 to 15g of carbohydrate.

  • 1 oz in weight of bread, cereal, rice*, or  pasta* 
  • 1/3 cup rice*, pasta*  
  • 3/4 cup dry cereal  
  • 4‐6 saltine crackers
  • 1 slice bread
  • 1/2 cup beans*, lentils* 
  • 1 small fruit
  • 3/4 cup berries
  • 1 cup low fat milk
  • 6 oz light yogurt 

If you are looking for some great site to keep track of your carbohydrates you can use the free site called

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